Patient Education

 

Houston Sleep and Narcolepsy would like to be your partner in healthcare. We will work with you to develop a wellness program for the care and treatment you need.

Houston Sleep and Narcolepsy provides a full range of treatment options for sleep-related disorders including the following:
 

Bruxism

Bruxism is a disorder, usually manifesting itself at night, in which a person grinds, gnashes or clenches her or his teeth. Occasional grinding of teeth is not harmful, but when it occurs often, teeth can be damaged and other oral complications occur. People with bruxism are more likely to suffer from other sleep-related disorders, including snoring or sleep apnea. Sleep partners may notice bruxism in one another, and dentists can often diagnose it during routine examinations based on damage to teeth or crowns.  Read More...

 

Hypersomnia

Hypersomnia is a condition characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness. Patients with hypersomnia have trouble staying awake during the day or sleep excessively during the night. Up to 40 percent of the population experiences symptoms of hypersomnia at some point in their lives.
 

Symptoms of Hypersomnia

The symptoms of hypersomnia are troubling and often dangerous. They interfere with work or school, relationships, and everyday life. These symptoms, which most often first appear in adolescence, include:  Read More...

 

Insomnia

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that involves difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, sometimes both. Although most people suffer an occasional sleepless night, patients with insomnia have difficulty sleeping on a regular basis. This condition affects approximately 1 in 10 people in the United States and can lead to other troubling symptoms, such as fatigue, low energy level, and a weakened immune system. While insomnia is not normally considered a serious medical disorder, it can make life difficult, or even unmanageable.  Read More...

 

Mandibular Advancement Device

A mandibular advancement device is a mouthpiece used to treat sleep apnea. Patients diagnosed with sleep apnea may have an airway that is either blocked or partially blocked that causes interrupted breathing while they sleep.

Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder that is characterized by repeated breathing interruptions during sleep that may occur hundred of times each night as a result of structural abnormalities or brain malfunctions. With normal breathing, air passes through the nose and past the flexible structures, such as the soft palate, uvula and tongue, in the back of the throat. When awake, these muscles hold this airway open. When people without sleep apnea sleep the muscles of their throat relax and the airway stays open. Read More...

 

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that causes excessive daytime sleepiness. People with narcolepsy may find it difficult to stay awake for long periods of time and experience random, uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep during the daytime. Narcolepsy may develop as a result of genetics, stress or an improper balance of chemicals in the brain, although the specific cause of this condition is unknown. While there is no cure for narcolepsy, there are several treatment options available to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life for individuals with this condition.  Read More...

 

Polysomnogram

A polysomnogram is a comprehensive test to evaluate patients for possible sleep disorders. This test monitors various physiological processes during sleep to diagnose or rule out specific sleep disturbances. Polysomnograms are typically performed at a sleep center, but may sometimes be self-administered at home using a portable device.  Read More...

 

Restless Legs Syndrome

Restless legs syndrome, also known as RLS, is a condition that causes tingling sensations in the feet and legs, prompting people to move them constantly to seek relief. These movements often occur at night or at periods of rest and can disrupt sleep. The exact cause of RLS is unknown but it may be caused by heredity, iron deficiency, kidney problems or peripheral neuropathy. RLS treatment varies based on any underlying conditions, however it is commonly treated with muscle relaxants and sleep inducing medication. Some women may experience restless legs syndrome while they are pregnant. This condition can affect patients of all ages, but tends to occur most often in older patients and is more common in women than men.  Read More...

 

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder that involves repeated breathing interruptions during sleep. These interruptions may occur hundred of times each night, and may be the result of structural abnormalities or brain malfunctions. During normal breathing, air passes through the nose, past the flexible structures in the back of the throat, including the soft palate, uvula and tongue. When a person is awake, the muscles hold this airway open. When they are asleep, these muscles relax and the airway usually stays open. Sleep apnea occurs when the upper airway and airflow are blocked, causing the oxygen levels to drop in both in the brain and the blood, resulting in shallow breathing or breathing pauses during sleep.  Read More...

 

Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders are disturbances in sleep patterns. They involve difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, excessive daytime tiredness, irregular breathing during sleep, or abnormal sleep behaviors. Sleep disorders may develop as a result of changes in the neurotransmitters of the brain, taking certain medications (such as corticosteroids), illness, stress, anxiety, depression, excessive caffeine or alcohol, or drug use. A sleep disorder can interfere with daily activities, and affect overall health and quality of life. When accurately diagnosed, however, most sleep disorders can be effectively treated.  Read More...
 

Sleep Disorders in Children

Many children suffer from sleep disorders that prevent them from getting a sufficient amount of sleep. Sleep disorders and insufficient amounts of sleep in children, can affect brain development, cause behavioral problems, and impact the overall quality of life for children and their families. Sleep problems can also cause anxiety and depression in children. In some cases, sleep deprived children may show hyperactive or inattentive behavior during the day, instead of tiredness. These children are sometimes misdiagnosed and treated for attention deficit hyperactive disorders, when the actual problem is a sleep disorder.  Read More...
 

Snoring

Snoring is the sound created by vibrations of the soft palate when breathing is partially obstructed during sleep. Snoring is often a sign that the airway is partially blocked, usually by soft tissue in the throat. The flow of air causes the soft tissue to vibrate, which generates noise from the mouth or nose. While snoring is a common and usually harmless condition, it may sometimes indicate a serious health problem. Loud and habitual snoring can disrupt sleep and be irritating to sleep partners, resulting in relationship tensions. Snoring is more common in men than women and occurs more often in older people and those who are overweight.  Read More...

 

Multiple Sleep Latency Test

A multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) is a daytime sleep study used to diagnose possible sleep disorders in individuals who experience excessive sleepiness during the day. This test usually begins about two hours after the patient awakens. Electrodes are attached to the patient's head, and over the course of a 5 to 30 minute period, the patient will lie in a quiet, darkened room. A technician will record whether the patient falls asleep and, if so, how long the process takes. During this nap period, the patient is not only monitored for brain activity, but also for heart rhythm, respiration, oxygen levels, muscle tone and movement of eyes and extremities. Read More..


WatchPAT Portable Sleep-Apnea Diagnostic System

The WatchPAT Portable Sleep-Apnea Diagnostic System is an FDA-approved diagnostic tool for monitoring patients' sleep habits to detect sleep apnea, which is a breathing disorder caused by an abnormal closing of the airway during sleep. Patients with sleep apnea are often unaware that they are suffering from a disorder, believing that symptoms such as snoring, daytime sleepiness, and waking with a headache are "normal." Read More...
 

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